Does my child have lice? Itchiness and scratching of the head are often the first signs of head lice. Scalp irritation caused by scratching may suggest the presence of lice.
What should I look for? Lice and nits near the scalp, particularly behind the ears and near the nape of the neck, along the hairline.
What does a louse look like? A head louse is a small insect, visible to the naked eye, about the size of a sesame seed (2 to 3 mm), which lives on the scalp and feeds on human blood. It has six legs armed with pincers used to cling to the hair, they move very quickly, which explains why it is so hard to catch them. How can I tell the difference between nits and dandruff? Nits are lice eggs. They are transparent white, easily spotted by the naked eye, and difficult to remove when they are alive. Unlike dandruff, nits do not come out with brushing or washing.
Are lice a sign of poor hygiene? Do not feel that you are responsible if your child has head lice; it has nothing to do with your family’s hygiene habits. Cleanliness has nothing to do with lice, which are very resistant to water and soap. Taking time off school is not necessary.
How did my child catch lice? The back-to-school period is an ideal time for lice to spread due to close contact between children. The transmission of the lice occurs directly through contact between two children (touching hair). Indirect transmission is possible if items such as combs and brushes are shared. Remember: Lice cannot fly, jump or survive longer than 4 to 36 hours away from the scalp.
How to get rid of lice? There are two types of solutions against lice: treatments with the use of repellents and products which act mechanically. Just like microbes with antibiotics, for the past 10 years, lice have developed resistance to repellents. Usually, these repellents are neurotoxic, very aggressive and irritating to the scalp. The new generation of anti-lice act mechanically by asphyxiation, suffocating the lice. The lice are coated with greasy substances which obstruct their respiratory openings. Lice are unable to develop resistance to this type of product.
How to choose the right product? The product must be effective, practical, natural, harmless and act quickly. It needs to kill lice, larvae and nits by mechanical asphyxia. Its efficacy must be proven by laboratory tests. The formula must be gentle to the hair and scalp (no neurotoxic repellents), from 100% natural origin and harmless to the environment. Ideally, it should be effective from the first application, easy to use and with a pleasant fragrance. It should act quickly to avoid a long exposure time.